Democracy and Political Legitimacy: Is Democracy a Necessary Condition for Political Legitimacy?

(This article was originally published in Journal of Science, Humanities and Arts, Vol. 3(1), on 10th February 2016) ----- The problem I intend to solve in this paper is this: is democracy, defined below, a necessary condition for the legitimacy of a political entity. In my view, the claim that democracy constitutes a necessary condition for political legitimacy is a false statement. At most, democracy is one of the many political instruments that brings out one of the main political ideals, namely, the ideal of equality, in the political domain. (...)


Wittgenstein or Frankenstein: The Concept of Rule Following in Legal Indeterminacy

(This article was originally published in International Journal of Multidisciplinary Academic Research, Vol. 3 (3) 2015, in September 2015) ----- In recent years, legal scholars have tried to explore the possibility of borrowing ideas from various disciplines in order to provide new solution to existing legal problems. When a complex idea is being borrowed, such as Ludwig Wittgenstein’s concept of rule following, the original work must not be distorted or misinterpreted. This paper argues that such misfortune has happened within legal scholarship. This mishandling has inflated volumes of unnecessary literature. Hence, it is time to admit that the existing applications of the concept of rule following are neither helpful nor useful for the understanding of law. (...)